IRREGULAR VERBS

Irregular verbs change their roots throughout their conjugation. Here the most popualr irregular verbs:

Portuguese

English

Portuguese

English

1

aprazer

to please

14

pedir

to ask for

2

caber

to fit

15

perder

To lose

3

crer

to believe

16

poder

can, may

4

dar

to give

17

pôr

to put

5

dizer

to say

18

querer

to want

6

estar

to be

19

rir

to laugh

7

fazer

to do, to make

20

saber

to know

8

haver

there to be

21

ser

to be

9

ir

to go

22

ter

to have

10

ler

to read

23

trazer

to bring

11

medir

To measure

24

valer

To be worth

12

ouvir

to hear

25

ver

to see

13

odiar

to hate

26

vir

to come



Important irregular verbs:

Voices
The Portuguese verbs can be used in three voices (vozes): Voz activa, voz passiva and voz reflexiva.
  • Voz activa (active voice), the agent or the doer is the verb subject.
    • Cristobal Colón descobriu Perú (Cristobal Colón discovered Peru)
  • Voz passiva (passive voice), the patient is the verb subject. In Portuguese, the passive voice is made by compound verbs (the verb to be in permanent meaning ser + main verb past participle).
    • Perú foi descoberto por Cristobal Colón (Peru was discovered by Crsitobal Colón).
  • Voz reflexiva (reflexive voice), this voice points the agent of a verb is the patient of the same verb too. This voice is made using the verbs in the active voice and using the objects in the reflexive form
    • Carlos se cortou. (Carlos has cut himself.)



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